Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is a purely restrictive method, thus preventing the uptake of large quantities of food. We deploy this operation on the upper part of the stomach, just below the cardia, creating a band that separates the stomach from the proximal pouch containing room for about 15-20 ml. A port is placed subcutaneously, from where the band is filled with saline. This method requires a motivated and cooperative client who “understands” the signals that the body sends after filling the small stomach, and stops at the first feeling of fullness. This method is designed to help the client to change their eating habits.
With cooperative clients this method can be effective. Bariatric surgery is considered a success if the client loses half or more of their excess weight loss (EWL-50% excess weight loss). Adjustable gastric banding is successful in about 50% of clients. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is a surgical bariatric method with minimal morbidity (illness) and virtually no mortality. Complications are most common in the subcutaneous port, mostly inflammatory in origin, which require temporary removal of the port and then its subsequent reimplantation in a new place. Specifically, late complications with bands usually occur months or years after application, and are usually where the band migrates through the stomach wall. Complications like this are not usually sudden events, but rather have a gradual onset of problems. With this complication, it is necessary to remove the band either through gastroscopy or surgically. Failures in this method are usually associated with non-cooperation, usually manifesting via permanently “overeating” with the result of stretching of the proximal pouch. Picture an hourglass
with a band in the middle. Continual proximal pouch dilatation would eventually push the band out of place, or make the band cut in, usually requiring an urgent solution; removal of the band.
It should be noted that this is not a preferred bariatric procedure of our surgeons due to many ongoing complications and the follow up needed on a continual basis for fills and de-fills. If a patient wishes to have this procedure, they must have a fill provider in place in the their home country BEFORE they travel to Turnov.
This procedure is the only truly reversible bariatric procedure our surgeons provide. It is now seen as outdated and many surgeons (including NHS hospitals in the UK) are not performing this procedure any more. However, it is suitable for the following type of patient:-
- BMI of less than 40
- Patient who does not want a permanent procedure
- Patient who is prepared to commit to ongoing assessment and expense at a clinic in the UK following the procedure
Pre operative diet
Dr Hruby is happy for you to do any low carbohydrate, low fat diet for approx a month pre-operatively. He expects people to lose 3-5kg, or 6-11lb. However, the main reason for doing this is to shrink the liver by reducing or eliminating the stores of glycogen. This makes the liver more pliable during the procedure and can actually reduce the number of incisions made. So the main reason for the pre-op diet is for safety.
If you have a BMI of 40 or over you need to do a pre-op diet of 1 month
35 – 40 two/3 weeks
under 35 a few days of low carb will suffice
Generally, the choice is;
– 4 pints of semi-skimmed milk a day, a no added sugar jelly and a low fat
Soup eg a weight watchers soup, 4 sticks of sugar free gum.
– 4 weight watchers soups a day, 4 muller lights a day, and a pint of SS milk.
-Food, any, as long as it’s low carbohydrate and low fat, staying to about
1200 calories a day.
-A very low calorie diet made of packs, eg Cambridge Diet, Slim and Save,
Celebrity Slim, with a low carb meal in the evening.
-Atkins type diet, ie very low carb
Vitamins and supplements
Please start taking a good quality multi-vitamin, such as Centrum, Forceval or Sanatogen Gold, at least one month before surgery this is for all bariatric patients for life
Immediately post-op, buy some children’s chewable ones, and take two a day, chewing them to mush. Take these for about a week, then you can return to the tablets, which you must take indefinitely.
Iron, 45–60 mg daily, check multi-vitamin levels, they may be sufficient. Spatone is a kind, well absorbed, non-constipation causing version of iron, or buy the multivitamin with iron.
Biotin, 1000 mcg daily (to hopefully minimise hair loss, isn’t guaranteed to work).
Other supplements sleevers and bypass only:
Sublingual vitamin B12 (under tongue); sleevers only, 100mcg daily, then titrate upwards if blood tests indicate the need or get your GP to give you three monthly injections.
Calcium citrate, 1200 to 1500 mg daily (NOT carbonate as this doesnt absorb into the bloodstream effectively) with D3. At least 3000 international units of vitamin D3. These need to be spread out over the day, 3 times a day as you can only absorb 500 mg at one time.
Pregnancy after Wrap/Sleeve Surgery; vitamin regime
The chances of a miscarriage are significantly higher for women who have had wls within the last year. One year post surgery apparently there is no higher risk than the general population. In pregnancies even after one year in addition your usual multi-vitamin; taking high levels (prescription only) 5mgs of folic acid and an additional Vitamin D tablet as after wls your body finds it harder to absorb essential pregnancy vitamins. I hope this is useful info to anyone hoping to get pregnant.
If you’re feeling a bit under the weather, go to your GP and ask for a post-bariatric blood test. The standard test may not cover what is required testing for bariatric patients, so print this off and take with you;
Post-Operative Blood Monitoring For All Bariatric Surgery PatientsThe following blood tests should be checked pre-operatively and every 3-6 months in the first year post-operatively, and at least annually thereafter*:
• Full blood count
• Electrolytes: sodium, potassium, urea, creatinine, phosphate, magnesium
• Liver function test
• Vitamin B12
• Folate / red cell folate
• Lipid profile: total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides
• 25-Hydroxyvitamin D
• Parathyroid hormoneOptional blood tests: Vitamins A and E, zinc, selenium, copper* If any results abnormal at 12 months will need to continue 3 monthly monitoring untilwithin normal range
Post-operative diet following sleeve gastric resection, gastric plication and gastric bypass (written by Panochova Hospital dietitian)
The post-operative regimen requires a strict diet to be maintained in order to avoid a number of complications.
In the first three weeks a strictly liquid diet is required; theconsistency of the food must be no thicker than that of yogurt milk. Emphasisis on consuming the food very carefully, swallowing after each sipwith 3-5-minute breaks in between. The same regimen also applies withdrinks, so it can be said with some exaggeration that in the first 2-3 weeks,the patient must learn to just sip at food all day.
The food should be mixed and dilutedwith skimmed (low-fat) milk, broth, juice.
Examples of liquid food – broth, tea,non-sparkling unsweetened drinks, fruit and vegetable juices, soups, yogurtsdiluted with low-fat milk.
During the next two weeks the consistency of the food isthickened to mushy (yogurts, snacks, semolina pudding,…).
Suitable foods are: Protein-rich: mixedmeats (fish, poultry, pork,..), eggs, dairy products (low-fat fresh cottagecheese, skimmed milk, unsweetened, low-fat yogurts…) Foods other than protein-rich foods can also be eaten: apple juice, banana, potatoes, fruit andvegetables with no seeds or hard skins, sugar-free pudding, gelatine…
After 5 weeks patients can try standard meals,although with a preference for more delicate foods that can be chewed completely. As a result, the daily diet is then divided up into around 5-6 or 7 small doses, the volume of which should not exceed 100ml(g).
You will need to suddenly cut down onthe amount you eat!
Suitable: High-protein foods – fish (if tinned, in own juice, not in oil), non-fatty lean beef and pork. The meat should be boiled, roasted or grilled. Beans, soya and pulses, eggs and egg white, skimmed, low-fat and semi-skimmed milk (1% fat) and dairy products, tofu, unsweetened and low-fat yogurts. Fruit and vegetables are also suitable (tinned, unsweetened or fresh, frozen and cooked).
Take care to drink regularly, ideally around 2-3 litres throughout the day, drinking at 10-minute intervals toensure that the body gets enough liquids and does not get dehydrated when the weather is warm. Ideally avoid drinks that are sparkling or sweetened.Suitable: Water, tea, fruit and vegetable juices, non-sparkling mineral water.
Because of the minimum amount of food the body needs, it is recommended to supplement your diet with multi-vitamin preparations containing trace elements to prevent deficiency disease.
Following a gastric bypass it is essential to takes substitutes for vitamins and trace elements, particularly vitamin B12 and iron.
You might find some foods hard to eat.
You will have to chew your food more carefully and thoroughly than before the operation.
Initially some people continue to have difficulties with meat, hard, sticky rice, bread, rolls and pastries (these should be avoided anyhow because of the high carb content), which form a sticky paste when moistened.
Remember! Even after the operation there is no quick solution to obesity and your weight-loss depends solely on your ability to follow recommendations concerning diet and exercise.
WLS rules and behaviour modification guidelines
Nothing you can chew for 2 hours following a meal
-Nothing to drink for half an hour (at least)following a meal
-Protein then veg then carbs -If not finished at 20mins, STOP
-AVOID drinks with calories
-Choose solid food over soft/liquid food
-100g or 1 cup size of food per meal
-70+grm protein per day
-A tleast half of every meal should be protein and EAT PROTEIN FIRST
-2 litres of fluid per day
-CHEW CHEW CHEW
-EXERCISE for 30 min a day minimum
-Fork down between bites
-Side plate for your meal
-No straws or gum, they allow too much air into your stomach
-No fizzy EVER (if you have to, stir vigorously to get rid of the bubbles, water down with ice, and leave the lid off overnight)
-Vits DAILY FOREVER
-If you don’t tolerate a food the first time, wait a week and try again
-Protein drinks to boost your protein
-Chew all fibre-containing foods very well
-Keep a food and exercise diary
-Dont eat after 7pm.
-Dont eat carbs that don’t grow.
BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION TECHNIQUES
1.Don’t eat in front of the TV.
2.Don’t read while eating.
3.Pre-portion your food and put the box or package away.
4.Keep tempting foods out of the house.
5.Don’t go to the grocery store hungry.
6.Make a shopping list.
7.Use smaller plates and bowls.
8.Keep healthy foods available.
9.Focus on activities other than eating.
10.Brush your teeth after meals or if feeling the desire to eat.
11.Don’t eat standing up at parties or buffets.
12.Don’t stand at the food table at the parties.
13.Offer to bring a healthy food item to a party.
14.Park your car far away from your destination.
15.Get up to change the TV channel instead of using the remote control.
16.Take the stairs instead of the elevator.
17.Keep a food and exercise diary.
Liquid mushy food
Breakfast: (maximum 80-100ml) yogurtmilk
Elevenses: (maximum 80-100ml)diluted fruit puree
Lunch: (maximum 80-100ml) creamy soupwith no solid pieces
Snack: (maximum 80-100ml) dilutedvegetable puree
Dinner: (maximum 80-100ml) skimmed orsemi-skimmed milk
Supper: (maximum 80-100ml) (2 spoons)blended cooked meat diluted with broth
Breakfast: (maximum 80-100ml) yogurtmilk
Elevenses: (maximum 80-100ml) fruit puree
Lunch: (maximum 80-100ml) (2-3 spoons)mashed potato
Snack: (maximum 80-100ml) vegetable puree
Dinner: (maximum 80-100ml) (2 spoons)blended cooked meat diluted with broth
Supper: (maximum 80-100ml) skimmed o rsemi-skimmed milk
Solid food – cut down considerably on carbs in this stage (less than 50g per day)
Breakfast: half a slice of bread(20-25g), 1-2 slices (20-50g) of lean boiled ham
Elevenses: 100ml yogurt
Lunch: 100ml (2-3 spoons) mashed potato
Snack: 100ml (2-3 spoons) stewed fruit
Dinner: 100g (2-3 mouthful) steamed fish fillet
Supper: 100g 3-4 slices of Edam cheese 30% fat in dry matter
Breakfast: oatcakes (20-25g), 20-30g cheese
Elevenses: 100g latte coffee
Lunch: 100ml thick soup
Snack: 100g (2-3 spoons) tomato and egg salad
Dinner: 100ml (2-3 mouthful) blended boiled chicken
Supper: 100ml cottage cheese up to 20%fat in dry matter
Breakfast: 100g porridge make with milk
Elevenses: 100ml yogurt
Lunch: 20g wholewheat spaghetti, 70g (2-3 spoons)Bolognese sauce
Snack: protein shake
Dinner: 100g ( 3-4 mouthful) grilled fish
Supper: low sugar hot chocolate
It is important that we are fully aware when entering into WLS
Risks, complications and long-term issues following WLS
As with any major surgery, weight-loss surgeries pose potential health risks, bothin the short term and long term.
Risks associated with the surgical procedure can include:
· Excessive bleeding
· Adverse reactions to anaesthesia
· Blood clots
· Lung or breathing problems
· Leaks in your gastrointestinal system
· Death (rare)
Longerterm risks and complications of weight-loss surgery vary depending on the typeof surgery. They can include:
· Bowel obstruction
· Dumping syndrome, causing diarrhoea, nausea or vomiting
· Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
· Stomach perforation
When weight-loss surgery doesn’t work
It’s possible to not lose enough weight or to regain weight after any type o fweight-loss surgery, even if the procedure itself works correctly. This weight gain can happen if you don’t follow the recommended lifestyle changes. To help avoid regaining weight, you must make permanent healthy changes in your diet and get regular physical activity and exercise. If you frequently snack onhigh-calorie foods, for instance, you may have inadequate weight loss, or even regain a large percentage of your original loss. Your first year following surgery is very important as this is the time to learn new, healthy habits, so that when maintenance arrives, it is not so difficult to contend with. Pleasemake the most of your ‘golden time’.
Bariatricsurgery is NOT the ultimate solution to your weight issues, but in combinationwith a healthy lifestyle, it is a great tool. It’s up to you how you use it!
To help prevent regain you have to
Learn how and what to eat all over again eg no snacking, stay away from cake, crisps,chocolate, junk-food, take-aways, alcohol, fizzy drinks (fizzy drinks are the quickest way to regain your hard-earned weight loss), minimise carbohydrate based foods (rice, pasta, white bread, potatoes), and eat more healthy foods(meat, fish, vegetables, fruit). Also you MUST start an exercise regime that you can stick to permanently.
If you feel that you cannot/will not do these things, you are NOT ready to have weight loss surgery, and you will have a high chance of regain.
To see if you are suitable for weight loss surgery click here
If you need some advice on which medical procedure would be most appropriate for you or have any other questions, please complete the contact form or call Amanda on 07551958653
A medical form needs to be filled in to send to our surgeon to see if you qualify for surgery. Please fill it in and provide as much detail as possible. Once we have received this form we can usually confirm your surgery within 48 hours.